Robert Duce

Robert Duce

University Distinguished Professor Emeritus

Dean, College of Geosciences and Maritime Studies, Texas A&M University, 1991-1997

atmospheric chemistry; air/sea interaction; air/sea chemical exchange; trace elements; long-range atmospheric transport; mineral dust; atmospheric organic nitrogen; atmospheric global elemental cycles

  (979) 229-3821

  Eller O&M 906C


  • Impact of nutrients, especially iron and nitrogen, transported in the atmosphere and deposited in the ocean on oceanic chemistry, biological productivity, and climate
  • The importance of water-soluble organic nitrogen compounds in the atmosphere and their input to the ocean.
  • Atmospheric and marine chemistry with particular interest in the global cycling of trace elements in the troposphere
  • Role of air/sea exchange processes in global cycling of trace elements
  • Transport of mineral aerosol from desert regions to the ocean
  • Chemistry of atmospheric particles in remote areas of the globe with particular emphasis on the long-range transport of air pollution material
  • Relationship between ocean science and ocean policy

Selected Publications

  • Baker, A.R., M. Kanakidou, A. Nenes, S. Myriokefalitakis, P. Croot, R. A. Duce, Y. Gao, C. Guieu, A. Ito, T. D. Jickells, N. M. Mahowald, R. Middag, M. M. G. Perron, M. M. Sarin, R. Shelley and D. R. Turner, “Changing atmospheric acidity as a modulator of nutrient deposition and ocean biogeochemistry”, Submitted to Science Advances (2020).
  • Hopkins, F.E., P. Suntharalingam, M. Gehlen, O. Andrews, S.D. Archer, L. Bopp, E. Buitenhuis, I. Dadou, R.A. Duce, N. Goris, T. Jickells, M. Johnson, F. Keng, C.S. Law, K. Lee, P. S. Liss, M. Lizotte, G. Malin, J. C. Murrell, Hema Naik, Andy Rees, J. Schwinger, and P. Williamson, “Unravelling the impacts of ocean acidification on marine trace gases and the implications for atmospheric chemistry and climate”, Proceeding of the Royal Society A, 476: 20190769. (2020).
  • Ito, A., S. Myriokefalitakis, M.Kanakidou, N. M. Mahowald, R.A. Scanza, D. S. Hamilton, A.R. Baker, T. Jickells, M. Sarin, S. Bikkina, Y. Gao, R. U. Shelley, C.S. Buck, W.M. Landing, A.R. Bowie, M.M. G. Perron, C. Guieu, N. Meskhidze, M. S. Johnson, Y.Feng, J. F. Kok, A. Nenes, and R.A. Duce, “Pyrogenic iron: The missing link to high iron solubility in aerosols”, Science Advances, 5:eaau7671 (2019)
  • Myriokefalitakis, S., A. Ito, M. Kanakidou, A. Nenes, M. C. Krol, N.M. Mahowald, R.A. Scanza, D. S. Hamilton, M. S. Johnson, N. Meskhidze, J.F. Kok, C. Guieu, A.R. Baker, T.D. Jickells, M.M. Sarin, S. Bikkina, R. Shelley, A. Bowie, M.M.G. Perron, and R.A. Duce, “The GESAMP atmospheric iron deposition model intercomparison study”, Biogeosciences, 15, 6659–6684,, (2018).
  • Baker, A.R., M. Kanakidou, K. Altieri, N. Daskalakis, G. Okin, S. Myriokefalitakis, F. Dentener, M. Uematsu, M. Sarin, R.A. Duce, J. Galloway, W. Keene, A. Singh, L. Zamora, J.-F. Lamarque, S.-C. Hsu, S. Rohekar, and J. Prospero, “Observation and model-based estimates of particulate dry nitrogen deposition to the ocean”,Atmospheric  Chemistry and Physics, Discussion, doi:10.5194/acp-2016-1123, (2017).
  • Jickells, T. D., E. Buitenhuis, K. Altieri, A.R. Baker, D. Capone, R.A. Duce, et al., “A re-evaluation of the magnitude and impacts of anthropogenic atmospheric nitrogen inputs on the ocean”, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 31, doi:10.1002/2016GB005586 (2017).
  • Duce, R.A., B.J. Finlayson-Pitts, T. Bond, W.H. Brune, A. Carlton, A.H. Goldstein, C.L. Heald, S.C. Herndon, D.B.A. Jones, A. Nenes, K.A. Prather, M.J. Prather, A. Steiner,C. Wiedinmyer, ans L. Zhu, The Future of Atmospheric Chemistry Research; Remembering Yesterday, Understanding Today, Anticipating Tomorrow, National Academies Press, Washington, DC, 207pp, doi:10.17226/23573, (2016).
  • Wang, G., R. Zhang, M.E. Gomez, L. Yang, M.L. Zamora, M. Hu, Y. Lin, J. Peng, S. Guo, J. Meng, J. Li, C. Cheng, T. Hu, Y. Ren, Y. Wang, J. Gao, J. Cao, Z. An, W. Zhou, G. Li, J. Wang, P. Tian, W. Marrero-Ortiz, J. Secrest, Z. Du, J. Zheng, D. Shang, L. Zeng, M. Shao, W. Wang, Y. Huang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhu, Y. Li, J. Hu, B. Pan, L. Cai, Y. Cheng, Y. Ji, F. Zhang, D. Rosenfeld, P.S. Liss, R.A. Duce, C.E. Kolb, and M.J. Molina, “Persistent sulfate formation from London Fog to Chinese haze”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113, 13,630-13,635, doi/10.1073/pnas.1616540113 (2016).
  • Breviere, E.H.G., D.C.E. Bakker, H.W. Bange, T.S. Bates, T.G. Bell, P.W. Boyd, R.A. Duce, et al., “Surface Ocean-Lower Atmosphere Study: scientific synthesis and contribution to Earth system science, Anthropocene, 12 54-68, doi:10.1016/j.ancene.2015.11.001, (2015).
  • Malone, T., M. Azzaro, A. Bode, E. Brown, R. Duce, D. Kamykowski, S. Kang, et al., “Chapter 6, Primary production, cycling of nutrients, surface layer and plankton”, 67pp, in The First Global Integrated Marine Assessment, L. Inniss and A. Simcock, coordinators, United Nations Division for Ocean Affairs and Law of the Sea, New York, NY (2015).
  • Kim, T.-W., K. Lee, R.A. Duce, and P.S. Liss, Impact of atmospheric nitrogen deposition on phytoplankton productivity in the South China Sea, Geophys. Res. Lett., DOI: 10.1002/2014GL059665 (2014).
  • Duce, R.A., A dusty planet, Oceanography, 27, 66-68 (2014).
  • Duce, R.A., K.J. Benoit-Bird, J. Ortiz, R.A. Woodgate, P. Bontempi, M. Delaney, S.D. Gaines, S. Harper, B. Jones, and L.D. White, Myths in funding ocean research at the National Science Foundation, EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 93, 533-534 (2012).
  • Schulz, M., J.M. Prospero, A.R. Baker, F. Dentener, L. Ickes, P.S. Liss, N.M. Mahowald, S. Nickovic, M. Sarin, and R.A. Duce, The atmospheric transport and deposition of mineral dust to the ocean - implications for research needs, Environmental Science and Technology, 46, 10,390-10,404 (2012).
  • Kanakidou, M., R.A. Duce, J.M. Prospero, A.R. Baker, et al., Atmospheric fluxes of organic N and P to the global ocean, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26, GB3026, doi:10.1029/2011GB004277 (2012).
  • Duce, R.A. and A.-M. Schmoltner, Obituary for Dr. Jarvis L. Moyers, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93, 106-107 (2012).
  • Hunter, K.A., P.S. Liss, V. Surapipith, F. Dentener, R. Duce, M. Kanakidou, et al., Impacts of anthropogenic SOx, NOx and NH3 on acidification of coastal waters and shipping lanes, Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L13602, doi:10.1029/2011GL047720 (2011).
  • Okin, G., A.R. Baker, I. Tegen, N.M. Mahowald, F.J. Dentener, R.A. Duce, et al., Impacts of atmospheric nutrient deposition on marine productivity: roles of nitrogen, phosphorus, and iron, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 25, GB2022, doi:10.1029/2010GB003858 (2011)
  • Duce, R.A., A.-M. Schmoltner, and W.C. Keene, Obituary for Dr. Jarvis L. Moyers, EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 92, 351 (2011).
  • Duce, R.A., J.N. Galloway, and P.S. Liss, The impacts of atmospheric deposition to the ocean on marine ecosystems and climate, WMO Bulletin, 58(1), 61-66 (2009).
  • Duce, R.A., J. LaRoche, K. Altieri, et al., Impacts of anthropogenic atmospheric nitrogen on the open ocean, Science 320, 893-897 (2008).
  • Duce, R.A., N. Targett, et al., A review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy, National Research Council Press, 136pp (2007).
  • Mahowald, N.M., A.R. Baker, G. Bergametti, N. Brooks, R.A. Duce, et al., The atmospheric global dust cycle and iron inputs to the ocean, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 19, GB4025, doi:10.1029/2004GB002402 (2005).
  • Duce, R.A., Aerosols, Encyclopedia of World Climates, 4-6, J.E. Oliver, Ed., Kluwer, Dordrecht, (2005).
  • Jickells, T.D., Z. S. An, K. K. Andersen, A. R. Baker, G. Bergametti, N. Brooks, J. J. Cao, P. W. Boyd, R. A. Duce, K. A. Hunter, et al., Global iron connections between desert dust, ocean biogeochemistry, and climate, Science, 308, 67-71 (2005).
  • Duce, R.A. and M.E. Huber, The Development of a United Nations Global Marine Assessment Program, Prepared for a UN General Assembly Experts Meeting On Global Marine Assessment, 80pp, New York (2004).
  • Lu, H., F. Zhang, X. Liu, and R.A. Duce, Periodicities of paleoclimatic variations recorded by loess-paleosol sequence in China, Quaternary Science Reviews, 23, 1891-1900 (2004)


Post-Doctoral Fellow, Department of Geology and Geophysics, MIT, 1964-1965

Ph.D. Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry, MIT, 1964

B.A. Chemistry, Baylor University, cum laude, 1957


  • Fellow, International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics
  • Ambassador Award, American Geophysical Union
  • The Robert A. Duce Named Symposium "Air-Sea Exchange: Impacts on the Atmosphere and Ocean", 2013 American Meteorology Society Meeting, Austin, TX, January, 2013.
  • Fellow, American Geophysical Union
  • Fellow, American Meteoerological Society
  • Fellow, The Oceanography Society
  • Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • Rosenstiel Award in Marine and Atmiospheric Chemistry
  • National Associate of the National Academies
  • Distinguished Service Award, Sea Grant Association

Additional Information



  • University Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Departments of Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences, TAMU, 2006–present
  • University Distinguished Professor, Departments of Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences, TAMU, 2004–2006
  • Professor, Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences, Texas A&M University, 1991–2004
  • Visiting Professor, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, England, 1997–1998
  • Dean, College of Geosciences and Maritime Studies, Texas A&M University, 1991–1997
  • Dean, Graduate School of Oceanography and Vice Provost for Marine Affairs, University of Rhode Island, 1987–1991
  • Associate Professor/Professor, Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, 1970–1991
  • Director, Center for Atmospheric Chemistry Studies, University of Rhode Island, 1981–1991
  • Visiting Professor, Applied Chemistry, Keio University, Yokohama, Japan, 1985
  • Visiting Professor, Chemistry, University of Otago, New Zealand, 1983
  • Collaborateur Etranger, CFR/CNRS, Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 1976–1977
  • Assistant/Associate Professor, Department of Chemistry, University of Hawaii, 1965–1970


  • Member, American Geophysical Union Leadership Development Committee, 2018 – present
  • Co-Chair, UN/WMO/GESAMP Working Group 38, The Atmospheric Input of Chemicals to the Ocean, 2007-present
  • Member, UN Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection (GESAMP), 1986–present, Chairman, 2000–2002, Vice Chair, 1998–2000, 2002–2004,
  • Co-Chair, National Academy of Sciences Committee on the Future of Atmospheric Chemistry Research, 2015-2017
  • Member, National Academy of Sciences Advisory Group for the NAS Gulf of Mexico Program, 2013-2015
  • Member, Ocean Research Advisory Panel (ORAP) (a FACA committee), 2013-2015
  • Chair, NAS/NRC Ocean Studies Board, 2012-2015
  • Chair, NSF Committee of Visitors for the Ocean Sciences Division, 2012
  • Member, Scientific Steering Committee, US GEOTRACES Program, 2009-2014
  • Member, Program Advisory Committee for the Ocean Observatories Initiative, Consortium for Ocean Leadership, 2008-2013
  • Co-Chair, NAS/NRC Committee on Scientific Ocean Drilling, 2010-2011
  • Past-President, SCOR (ICSU Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research), 2004-2008; President, 2000–2004
  • Member, SCOR Executive Committee (ICSU), 1995–2008
  • Member, National Sea Grant Review Panel, 2000–2009
  • Member, Scientific Steering Committee, International Geosphere-Biosphere Program, 2005–2011, Treasurer, 2006–2011
  • Member, NAS/NRC Ocean Studies Board, 2001–2007, 2012-2015
  • Member, US National Committee for the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG), 2000–2007
  • Chair, Board of Directors, Canadian SOLAS Program, 2002–2007
  • Life Member, International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, Commission on Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Pollution, President, 1983–1987
  • Chair, UCAR SPEC Review Panel for the National Center for Atmospheric Research, 2000–2005
  • Chair, Program Committee for the Fall AGU Meeting, 1998–2002
  • Co-Chair, Planning Committee for the IGBP/SCOR Surface Ocean/Lower Atmosphere Study (SOLAS), 1997–2001
  • Member, AGU Meetings Committee, 1998–2003
  • Member, Fellows Committee, Atmospheric Sciences Section, AGU, 1997–2003
  • President, International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, 1995–1999
  • President, The Oceanography Society, 1996–1998
  • Member, National Science Foundation Advisory Committee for Geosciences, 1994–1998
  • Member, Director's Advisory Committee, National Center for Atmospheric Research, 1993–1999
  • Member, Executive Committee, NASULGC Board on Oceans and Atmospheres, 1993–1998

Update My Profile